# Courses Offered at El Rancho HS

##### ⇇ CHOOSE A DEPARTMENT
Math
Code Title Department Description
MA508

Algebra 2 Math Fulfills "a - g" requirement. Prerequisites: Geometry with a “C-” or better.
This course addresses all of the California Standards for algebra 2. Topics include: Functions (domain, range, parent graphs, transformations), sequences, summing finite arithmetic and geometric series, summing convergent infinite geometric series, exponential functions (graphing, modeling exponential growth/decay), completing the square, solving systems of equations (2 variable and 3 variable examples), inverses, logarithms (graphs, solving), basic three-dimensional graphing, polynomial functions, real and complex roots, polynomial division, probability and counting (combinations and permutations), binomial theorem
MA507

Algebra 2 Honors Math Fulfills "a - g" requirement.
Prerequisites: Geometry Honors with a “C” or better, or Geometry with an “A” and recommendation of the teacher
This is an accelerated course designed for college prep students who have shown particular excellence in previous math courses. This course addresses all of the California Standards for algebra 2. Topics include: Functions (domain, range, parent graphs, transformations), sequences, summing finite arithmetic and geometric series, summing convergent infinite geometric series, exponential functions (graphing, modeling exponential growth/decay), completing the square, solving systems of equations (2 variable and 3 variable examples), inverses, logarithms (graphs, solving), basic three-dimensional graphing, polynomial functions, real and complex roots, polynomial division, probability and counting (combinations and permutations), binomial theorem, trigonometric functions (graphing, modeling periodic behavior, solving, identities), unit circle, radian measure
MA554

Algebra Intervention Math Algebra Intervention is for those students who need additional support to be successful in Algebra 1. Through testing we determine 60 students entering ERHS as 9th graders who need additional support in mathematics. These students will take an Algebra Intervention class and Algebra 1 during his/her 9th grade year. These 60 students would be broken up into two groups of 30 students, and each group assigned to a single math teacher with whom each group would take the Algebra Intervention and Algebra 1 classes. Students are not to be transferred into or out of these classes after the start of the school year. This program is to be treated as a privilege for these students and not a punishment. The primary goal of this program is to have these students pass Algebra 1 during the 9th grade. The secondary goal of this program is to have these students ready to take Geometry during the 10th grade.
MA426

Business Math Math Seniors only.
Business Math is a two-semester course for seniors who need a third year of math and have chosen not to take an A-G Math class. Students will be taught to establish effective study habits, by keeping a schedule, and they will be required to keep and organize a three ring binder with class notes and work. Most students will use this class to strengthen their skills for placement tests given by Tech schools and Community colleges and strengthen their skills needed for success in Economics, a class requirement for seniors.
MA502

Calculus AB, Advanced Placement Math Fulfills "a - g" requirement.
Prerequisite: Precalculus Honors with a “C-“ or better
AP Calculus AB is a two-semester course for students who want to study college level calculus in high school. This course is for students who have earned a C- or better in Precalculus Honors. Topics included in this course are: limits, differentiation techniques, applications of differentiation, integration, applications of integration, and an introduction to differential equations and slope fields. Students are required to use a graphing calculator. The course includes an extensive preparation for the AP Calculus AB exam.
MA501

Calculus BC, Advanced Placement Math Fulfills "a - g" requirement.
Prerequisite: AP Calculus AB with a “C-“ or better
AP Calculus BC is a two-semester course for students who have successfully completed AP Calculus AB. The course continues the students’ study of calculus with topics including: L’Hopital’s Rule, additional techniques of integration (integration by parts, partial fraction substitution, and trigonometric substitution), improper integrals, arc length, Euler’s Method, the Logistic differential equation, sequences and series, polar and parametric equations, and vectors. Students are required to use a graphing calculator. The course includes an extensive preparation for the AP Calculus BC exam.
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Civil Engineering and Architecture Math See PLTW Home Page for more info.

Computer Science A, Advanced Placement Math AP Computer Science A is equivalent to a first-semester, college-level course in computer science. The course introduces students to computer science with fundamental topics that include problem solving, design strategies and methodologies, organization of data (data structures), approaches to processing data (algorithms), analysis of potential solutions, and the ethical and social implications of computing. The course emphasizes both object-oriented and imperative problem solving and design using Java language. These techniques represent proven approaches for developing solutions that can scale up from small, simple problems to large, complex problems. The AP Computer Science A course curriculum is compatible with many CS1 courses in colleges and universities. (from CollegeBoard)

Computer Science Principles, Advanced Placement Math Prerequisite: Integrated Math I (Algebra 1) with a “C-” or better
AP CSP is a two-semester course that introduces students to the essential ideas of Computer Science. While preparing for the AP CSP exam, students will have the opportunity to use Computer Science to address real-world issues that interest them. They will build and refine their skills in creative problem-solving, and will learn about internet structures, cyber security issues, and the global impacts of computing.

While programming is taught in the course, no previous experience is required, and it is only one among many aspects of computing that students will learn. Almost every field today—including business, law, medicine and science—requires an understanding of computing. The skills students learn in this course can be applied across a wide range of careers and disciplines.

Engineering Design and Development Math See PLTW Home Page for more info.

Ethnic Studies Statistics Math Prerequisite: Integrated Math 2 Centering around statistics and probability, this course will investigate reasons to the big question: Why do students of color and girls consistently do worse in mathematics than white males, including those who come from affluent families? What are the implications of these issues in adult life? Students will learn the essentials of statistics and probability in relation to disadvantaged students and the effects that occur in adult life that stem from being part of a minority in the United States. An example of topics explored includes stereotype threat and the school-to-prison pipeline.
MA510

Geometry Math Fulfills "a - g" requirement.
Prerequisite: Algebra 1 with a “C-“ or better
This course addresses all of the California Standards for geometry, as well as a continued review of Algebra 1 topics. Topics: Transformations (rotations, transformations, dilations), angle relationships (complementary, supplementary, vertical, corresponding, alternate interior, consecutive), area (triangles, squares, rectangles, parallelograms, circles, regular polygons, composite figures), Pythagorean theorem, triangle inequality relationship, similarity, triangle congruence, right triangle trigonometry, Law of Sines, special right triangles, probability (area models, tree diagrams), proofs, properties of quadrilaterals, coordinate geometry, properties of regular polygons, ratio of similarity, three-dimensional solids (volume, surface area), constructions, circles (angles, arc length and measure, chords, tangents, secants, equation of)
MA560

Integrated Math 1 Math Integrated Math 1 is the first in a three course sequence including Integrated Math 1, 2 and 3. Integrated 1 is intended for ninth-graders and addresses the California Common Core Standards for high school math as outlined in the integrated course pathway in Appendix A of the CCSS math document. The course develops students’ understanding of functions, linear relationships, geometric transformations, systems of equations, sequences and bi-variate data analysis.
EN561

Integrated Math 2 Math Integrated Math 2 focuses on Geometry and Algebra. Geometry concepts covered include similarity, polygons, circles, areas, volumes, and an introduction to proofs and right triangle trigonometry. Algebra concepts covered include an introduction to functions, imaginary numbers, higher order polynomials, graphing of functions, and irrational expressions.
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Integrated Math 3 Math
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Intro to Data Science Math Prerequisite: Integrated Math 2.
Introduction to Data Science (IDS) is designed to introduce students to the exciting opportunities available at the intersection of data analysis, computing, and mathematics through hands-on activities. Data are everywhere, and this curriculum will help prepare students to live in a world of data. The curriculum focuses on practical applications of data analysis to give students concrete and applicable skills. Instead of using small, tailored, curated data sets as in a traditional statistics curriculum, this curriculum engages students with a wider world of data that fall into the "Big Data" paradigm and are relevant to students' lives. In contrast to the traditional formula-based approach, in IDS statistical inference is taught algorithmically, using modern randomization and simulation techniques. Students will learn to find and communicate meaning in data, and to think critically about arguments based on data.
AT460

Intro to Engineering Math The goal of the Introduction to Engineering Design course is to provide students with opportunities to engage in open-ended problem-solving and to learn to apply the engineering design process. Utilizing industry-leading technology and software, students dig deep into the engineering design process, applying math, science and engineering standards to hands-on projects. They work both individually and in teams to design solutions to a variety of problems using 3D modeling software, and use an engineering notebook to document their work. PLTW Home Page
MA520

Math CAHSEE Math CAHSEE (Elective Credit) Prerequisite: Failing the CAHSEE in the 10th grade
11th & 12th grade only
This course is designed to meet the needs of those students who have yet to pass the California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE). All of the standards on the CAHSEE blueprint will be addressed, as well as a review of test-taking strategies.
AT461

Principals of Engineering Math Through problems that engage and challenge, students explore a broad range of engineering topics, including mechanisms, the strength of structures and materials, and automation. Students develop skills in problem solving, research, and design while learning strategies for design process documentation, collaboration, and presentation. PLTW Home Page
MA506

Statistics Math (one semester course)
Fulfills "a - g" requirement.
Prerequisites: Algebra 2 with a “C-“ or better
This one semester course covers the essentials of Probability and Statistics as outlined in the California State Standards. It is meant for students that wish to further explore the probability and statistics that is introduced in their Algebra 2 class.
MA503

Statistics, Advanced Placement Math Fulfills "a - g" requirement.
Prerequisites: A student must meet one of the following requirements: 1) Pre-Calculus Honors with a “C“ or better or 2) Statistics with a “B+” or better AND Trigonometry with a “B+” or better.
AP Statistics is a two semester course. The course introduces students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. Students are exposed to four broad conceptual themes: 1) Exploring Data: Describing patterns and departures from patterns; 2) Sampling and Experimentation: Planning and conducting a study; 3) Anticipating Patterns: Exploring random phenomena using probability and simulation; and 4) Statistical Inference: Estimating population parameters and testing hypotheses. Students are required to use a graphing calculator. The course includes an extensive preparation for the AP Statistics exam.